Diabetes is a metabolic diseases characterized by an abnormally high level of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease associated with an absolute or relative lack of insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and is a switch for transferring the blood sugar into cells to produce energy. Lack of insulin leads to increased blood sugar.
When diabetes occurs paradoxical situation - enough glucose and tissues throughout the body experiencing carbohydrate cravings.
The reason for this is that sugar can not penetrate into the cell itself and remains in the blood in the form of a useless load.
There are two types of diabetes:
Diabetes Type 1
It is associated with insulin deficiency. Damaged pancreas can not cope with their duties. Can not be processed incoming volume of glucose. This type occurs rarely and often occurs in young adults and in children.
There hereditary predisposition. In families where one parent is suffering from diabetes, the ability to develop diabetes in children is 5%. When diabetes both parents, the risk increases to 25%.
Spent viral disease provoked diabetes. In these patients quickly developed an absolute deficiency of insulin, which is accompanied by a storm of clinical manifestations, excessive weakness, sudden weight loss voracious appetite. Symptoms progress with menacing speed, so in most cases patients immediately appointed insulin injections.
Diabetes Type 2
This type of diabetes is characterized by the fact that it produces enough insulin. It may even be above normal. However, the hormone is almost useless, because the body's tissues are not sensitive to it.
This form occurs primarily in people over 40 years who suffer from complete. Load food is testing the pancreas. It was after this finding in diabetic treatment includes diet.
Diabetes Type 2 is characterized by gradual onset, slow progression and moderate manifestation of symptoms. It is possible improvement and even reaching norm under the influence of external factors - for example, when dieting. But although the clinical picture is relaxed, diabetes of this type should not be regarded as harmless disease because it can lead to serious complications if not pay due attention.